Where Northern Ireland fitted in the world of peacemaking

66 Peace Agreements signed that same year globally.


But the Belfast Agreement was the only fully comprehensive agreement of its type.


It was one of 95 comprehensive agreements signed between 1990 and the present day.


The only other peace agreement signed on the 10 April, was the Sudan Political Charter, 10/04/1996


The term ‘parity of esteem’ was later used in 3 agreements in the Philippines


The concept of ‘nothing is agreed until anything is agreed is common to several peace negotiations:

Most recently an agreement between Colombia and the FARC in 2016

South African Negotiations

Bosnian Negotiations

North-South Sudan negotiations

And now. . . the UK’s relationship with the EU in Brexit negotiations!


Power-sharing such as in Northern Ireland is a very common element of peace negotiations: 494 agreements since 1990 have included some reference to power-sharing


The Agreement used ‘constructive ambiguity’ in several ways – notably the provision for the referendum.


Referendums have been used for 13 peace agreements since 1990


The agreement was unusual in:

Having had women in the negotiations: even statistics are hard to find.

Having a women ‘mediator’ in Mo Mowlam – UN Women has suggested that only 2.4% of mediators of peace agreements have been women.


Title Picture: By https://www.flickr.com/photos/robertpaulyoung/ [CC BY 2.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0)%5D, via Wikimedia Commons

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